China Adopts its Current Constitution (1982)
The Constitution of the People's Republic of China, modeled after the 1936 Soviet Constitution, reflects Deng Xiaoping's determination to lay a lasting foundation for domestic stability and modernization and is unique in its encouragement of foreign participation in China's economy. It provides a legal framework for the liberalizing economic policies of the 1980s and drops the previous constitution's guarantee of the right to strike. Much of the PRC Constitution is modelled after the 1936 Constitution of the Soviet Union, but there are some significant differences. For example, while the Soviet constitution contains an explicit right of secession, the Chinese constitution explicitly forbids secession. While the Soviet constitution formally creates a federal system, the Chinese constitution formally creates a unitary multi-national state.